When I learned that Oracle was providing Ubuntu images in Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) I was a bit surprised at first. After all, Oracle provides a great Enterprise Linux distribution in the form of Oracle Linux. As a Ubuntu fan I do of course appreciate the addition of Ubuntu to the list of supported distributions. In fact it doesn’t end there, have a look at the complete list of Oracle provided images to see what’s available.
Trying Ubuntu LTS
I wanted to give Ubuntu a spin on OCI and decided to start a small VM using the 16.04 LTS image. I have been using this release quite heavily in the past and have yet to make the transition to 18.04. Starting the 16.04 VM up was easily done using my terraform script. Immediately after the terraform prompt returned I faced a slight issue: I couldn’t log in:
$ ssh email@example.com The authenticity of host ... can't be established. ... firstname.lastname@example.org: Permission denied (publickey)
This is entirely my fault, for some reason I didn’t scroll down within the page to read more about users. Assuming the account created during the VM provisioning would be the same as for the Oracle Linux image, I tried logging in as user “opc”. The result is what I showed you earlier in the listing.
The clue about users is found in Linux Image Details, section “users” and aforementioned documentation page. I am quoting verbally because I couldn’t possibly say it any better:
For instances created using the Ubuntu image, the user name ubuntu is created automatically. The ubuntu user has sudo privileges and is configured for remote access over the SSH v2 protocol using RSA keys. The SSH public keys that you specify while creating instances are added to the /home/ubuntu/.ssh/authorized_keys file.
There it is.
It seems I wasn’t the only one, and beginning with the Canonical-Ubuntu-16.04-2018.11.15-0 image, a message is displayed when you try to log in as opc:
$ ssh email@example.com ... Warning: Permanently added ... to the list of known hosts Please login as the user "ubuntu" rather than the user "opc". Connection to w.x.y.z closed $
So no more missing this important piece of information :)