Another very useful thread has developed on the oracle-l mailing list. On a side note, this is really _the_ list to be subscribed to-there are so many experienced Oracle DBAs out that it’s pure joy.
But I digress, back to the problem I often face when performance troubleshooting systems is to purge a SQL statement from the shared pool. Most often, bind variable peeking in conjunction with an empty partition (or otherwise inappropriate stats) caused the optimiser to choose a really inadequate plan for subsequent executions of the same SQL ID.
Oracle 11.1 extended DBMS_SHARED_POOL to include a “purge” function which can be used to manage the shared pool. It’s actually a lot more powerful than just purging SQL plans but that’s for another blog entry :) Anyway, if you are interested, additional documentation can be found in metalink notes 457309.1 and 751876.1. If anyone can shed more light on the various heaps you can pass as an argument, please comment here!
The new version of the package has been back ported and included in the 10.2.0.4 patch set (where it is event protected) and can also be downloaded for 10.2.0.2 and 10.2.0.3-search for patch 5614566 on metalink.
Prior to this, I usually used the “comment on table <owner>.<table_name> is ‘<some comment>’ to force an invalidation of the statement in v$sql. Next time the statement is executed you’d hope that you have escaped the bind variable peeking disaster.
Kerry Osborne, a great source for inspiration has posted an easy way to using it. The following is shamelessly taken from the mailing list, I won’t take any credit for it (but I’ll use it whenever I can!)
Beginning the quote, slightly amended to better fit into context:
Heap 0 flushes the whole statement, heap 6 flushes the plans (although I’ve never had a reason to flush just the plans. By the way, when heap=6, plans for all children are flushed.
The backport to 10.2.0.4 seems to work fine as well, but it doesn’t appear to work in versions prior to 10.2.0.4 (10.2.0.3 for example).
Here’s the script I use (because I don’t like the funky “address,hash_value” format that the purge procedure requires:
-- flush_sql.sql DECLARE name varchar2(50); version varchar2(3); BEGIN select regexp_replace(version,'\..*') into version from v$instance; if version = '10' then execute immediate q'[alter session set events '5614566 trace name context forever']'; -- bug fix for 10.2.0.4 backport end if; select address||','||hash_value into name from v$sqlarea where sql_id like '&sql_id'; dbms_shared_pool.purge(name,'C',1); END; /
If you want to have the flexibility to select the heap – change the call to purge like this:
Then just put in 0 or 6 when prompted for the heap.
End qoute. Credit where credit is due:
blog: kerryosborne.oracle-guy.com <http://kerryosborne.oracle-guy.com>